1989 -
Elektronika MK-60
The solar-powered Elektronika MK-60 was released in 1982 and manufactured at the Angstrem (Zelenograd, Russia), Billur (Azerbaijan) and Calculator (Ukraine) factories.
The scale on the monitor: 1:1
45 roubles bought you a simple arithmetic calculator with an eight-digit LCD display, set in a hardy metal case and — a first for Elektronika — able to harness the power of the sun.

The MK-60 was able to perform 11 operations automatically in under 0.6 seconds each.

"The calculator has a one-chip LSI circuit hosting 8,000 transistors and runs on both natural and artificial light (within 2 m of a 100 W bulb).

The automatic power-down that kicks in 10–12 minutes after the last operation is the hallmark of this model," declared the Central Research Institute in their Consumer Electronics News publication.




The MK-60 was followed by the functionally identical MK-60M and an export version — the ELORG-60.

Weight: 60 g or less
Dimensions: 115.2×65.2×9 mm

Sources: user manual, https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%AD%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%BA%D1%82%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%B0_%D0%9C%D0%9A-60, http://electronika-5.ru/calc/index.php?page=base_item&mid=37, http://www.leningrad.su/museum/36/mk60-5.jpg, http://www.leningrad.su/museum/36/mk60-6.jpg.